Downward Accountability as a Tool to Enhance Malaysian NPO’s Effectiveness

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Hasnatulsyakhira Abdullah Hadi
Ahmad Naqiyuddin Bakar
Nurul Hidayana Mohd Noor
Afief El Ashfahany


The important role of nonprofit organisations (NPO) as service providers, they have been demanded to prove their accountability towards their stakeholders. Downward accountability mechanism is believed can improve NPO effectiveness. This paper aims to assess the relationship between information disclosure and participation mechanism with NPO effectiveness. This study will employ a quantitative research strategy, and it will be a cross-sectional survey. The instrument that will be used is a structured questionnaire that involved 214 staff from welfare NPOs in the Klang Valley, Malaysia and analysed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The findings will give better insight into the Malaysian third sector.

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How to Cite
Abdullah Hadi, H., Bakar, A. N., Mohd Noor, N. H., & El Ashfahany, A. (2023). Downward Accountability as a Tool to Enhance Malaysian NPO’s Effectiveness. Journal of ASIAN Behavioural Studies, 8(26), 15–28.


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