The Cultural Influence of Anxiety on Student-athletes

  • Vincent Parnabas Faculty of Sport Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA(UiTM), 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Yahaya Mahamood Faculty of College of Art and Science, University Utara Malaysia (UUM), 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia Affiliation
  • Julinamary Parnabas Institut Pendidikan Guru Kampus Darulaman Jitra, Kedah, Malaysia.
  • Antoinette Mary Parnabas Medical Unit, Hospital Taiping, Taiping, Perak, Malaysia


Anxiety consists of cognitive and somatic components. The present study aims to examine the relationship between ethnic and anxiety. The sample consisted of 147 football players, with Malay (N=54), Chinese (N=45), Indian (N=31) and others (N=17). Competitive State Anxiety Inventory –2, used to collect the data. The result showed that Malay ethnic category exhibited higher levels of cognitive anxiety, whereas Indian ethnic exhibit a higher level of somatic anxiety. The findings of this study is beneficial to coaches, sport psychologist and counsellors in providing suitable coping strategies to Malay and Indian soccer athletes, to reduce anxiety and enhance their performance.

Keywords: Cognitive anxiety; somatic anxiety; football players; cultural.

eISSN 2514-7528 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. 


How to Cite
PARNABAS, Vincent et al. The Cultural Influence of Anxiety on Student-athletes. Journal of ASIAN Behavioural Studies, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 8, p. 171-181, may 2018. ISSN 2514-7528. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 11 dec. 2019. doi:

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