Perception on Innovation for Pre-cast Toilet

  • Nurul Asra Abd. Rahman Centre of Studies for Construction, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Zainab Mohmad Zainordin Centre of Studies for Construction, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Suryani Ahmad Department of Building, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 32610 Bandar Sri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia.


The Hybrid construction method with in-situ concrete used for a toilet in a predominantly pre-cast concrete (PC) structure is a hindrance towards full adoption of Industrialised Building System (IBS). Improved knowledge on a leaking problem can lead to innovative toilet construction. Research objectives are to gauge stakeholders’ awareness on leaking problems in PC structure and perception on innovative toilet construction. Research methodology is through case study and structured interviews. The study concludes that improved development of Pre-fabricated Toilet Unit (PTU) is a good solution for the leaking problem in PC structure but it requires consolidated efforts from stakeholders to improve construction industry acceptance.

Keywords: leaking problem; pre-cast concrete structure; acceptance on new technology; prefabricated toilet units.

eISSN 2514-7528 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. 


How to Cite
ABD. RAHMAN, Nurul Asra; MOHMAD ZAINORDIN, Zainab; AHMAD, Suryani. Perception on Innovation for Pre-cast Toilet. Journal of ASIAN Behavioural Studies, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 8, p. 129-138, may 2018. ISSN 2514-7528. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 11 dec. 2019. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.