Multiculturality in the Indonesia's Biofuel Innovation Initiative: Critical issues of land use and sustainable environment
The Presidential decree was triggered national-scale energy plant cultivation to all districts. It is based on the assumption that Indonesia's energy security problem need to be addressed for accommodating poverty and environment problems. Until today the main objective of the program has not materialized, social conflicts that emerged mostly triggered by land usage and environment issues. While energy-economic calculation is central in the biofuel program conception, the evidences reveal a wide range of cultural issues taking a significant position in the program adoption at rural communities. In other words, multiculturality is a critical issue in the biofuel program adoption..
Keywords: biofuel innovation, land use, sustainable environment, multiculturality, collective learning
eISSN 2514-7528 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.