Impact Assessment and Dynamic Management towards Sustainable Tourism in Antarctica
Over the past two decades, Antarctica has experienced a severe eco-environmental degradation due to tourism impacts. The new, diverse and complex tourism activities and technological advancements demonstrate the current regulatory system is insufficient. This study aims to analyse the Antarctic tourism impact, investigate the assessment methods and propose a dynamic management system. This paper suggests two assessment indicators i.e. ATEF and ATECC along with nine management strategies. A flowchart demonstrates the dynamic process of impact analyses, assessment and management. This system can be deployed to design a dynamic regulatory system toward sustainable Antarctic tourism.
Keywords: Antarctic tourism; impact; management; eco-environment.
eISSN 2514-7528 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.